IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

Over the last half-century, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of vehicles. This resulted in numerous traffic jams especially in the big cities and consequently, high levels of air pollution. Although, there are those who believe that increasing oil prices might help solve this problem. I am strongly inclined to believe that higher petrol prices will have serious drawbacks on our society.

Firstly, oil and gas play a fundamental role in the industry, since most of the heavy types of machinery used in different industries are operated by petrol. For example, a recent study conducted in Japan has revealed the number of career opportunities is inversely proportional to the prices of petrol. In addition, higher prices of petrol will indirectly influence the prices of the various goods in the market through increasing the cost of their transportation. Lastly, this will burden the people and limit their freedom to travel to enjoy their leisure time. Undoubtedly, the growth of oil and gas prices will create new problems.

On the other hand, there are some other ways to tackle this problem. To begin with, improving methods of public transportation as well as the increase in their availability everywhere around the clock, will significantly reduce the use of private cars to illustrate, a recent study published in Canada was showed that the upward trend in the various means of public transportation such as buses and trains resulted in decrease the number of traffic  fans & traffic jams and traffic road accidents by around 25% Moreover, the government should invest more on repairing and maintaining roads as well as construction of new roads to solve the problem and traffic congestion. Furthermore, the scientists should search for the sources of clean energy such as solar power and nuclear power to replace the fossil fuel.

To sum up, it can be clearly seen that the cons of increasing petrol prices outweigh the pros to the government and scientists and prevent the situation from further deterioration.


Total Words: 322

Task Achievement: 8

Coherence & Cohesion: 8

Lexical resources: 8

Grammar: 8

Overall Score: Band 8

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