IELTS Writing Task 2 essay with model answer

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic

Some people think that intelligence is innate while others think that we can improve our intelligence through learning. Discuss both sides and give your opinion.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:

One of the highly controversial issues today relates to that of intelligence. While some people believe that intelligence is inherited, some others feel that intelligence can be acquired through learning. In this essay, I would shed some light on both these views and then give my opinion on the matter.

On the one hand, intelligence is certainly innate. The main reason is that if parents are intelligent, children acquire the genes which lead to higher level of intelligence in children. For example, the IQ level of Mr. Trump, the president of the America is very high. Similarly, his son also has a shockingly high level of IQ. Thus, it can be seen how intelligence can be acquired as a parental gift.

Although intelligence is innate, it does not mean that intelligence is cannot be gained. If a person has passion and a pure desire he/she can achieve whatever they want including intelligence, hard work, dedication, and learning are what helps people acquire intelligence. For example, a bright student can accomplish a task very fast. However, a dull student can put in more hours of learning to accomplish the same task in the same time. Therefore, it goes without saying that this viewpoint is credible and realistic.

Intelligence has a great role in every aspect of life. Smartness is very important. This essay discussed why intelligence is inherited, but why intelligence can definitely be improved or acquire through effort and learning. In my opinion, intelligence can be improved, smartness can be gained through motivation and learning.


Total Words: 250

Task Achievement: 9

Coherence & Cohesion: 9

Lexical resources: 9

Grammar: 9

Overall Score: Band 9

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